Sir Isaac Newton Biography or Profile : (born in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, Lincolnshire, January 4, 1643 – died March 31, 1727 at the age of 84 years; KJ: December 25, 1642 – March 20, 1727) was a physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alkimiwan, and theologians who came from England. He is a follower of heliocentric and highly influential scientists throughout history, even regarded as the father of classical physics. The work of Naturalist Principia Mathematics Philosophy his book published in 1687 is considered as the most influential book in the history of science. This book laid the foundations of classical mechanics. In this work, Newton described the law of gravity and three laws of motion that dominates the view of science about the universe for three centuries. Newton was able to show that the motion of objects on Earth and outer space objects other governed by a set of natural laws the same. He proved it by showing the consistency between Kepler’s laws of planetary motion with the theory of gravity. His work was finally remove doubt the scientists will heliosentrisme and advancing the scientific revolution.
In the field of mechanics, Newton triggers the principle of conservation of momentum and angular momentum. In the field of optics, he successfully built the first reflecting telescope and developed a theory of color based on the observation that a glass prism to split white light into other colors. He also formulated the law of cooling and studied the speed of sound.
In the field of mathematics as well, along with the work of Gottfried Leibniz, who conducted separately, Newton developed differential calculus and integral calculus. Isaac Newton also managed to describe the binomial theory, developed the “Newton method” to approach the zero value of a function, and contribute to the study of power series.
Even now Newton is still very influential among scientists. A survey in 2005 that questioned the scientists and the general public at the Royal Society of who is giving a larger contribution in science, whether Newton or Albert Einstein, showed that Newton considered to provide a greater contribution.