Rudolf Diesel (born in Paris, France, March 18, 1858 – died 30 September 1913 at age 55 years) was a German inventor, famous for his invention, diesel engine, He was born in Paris and died mysteriously at the ferry boat on its way to England.
Diesel developed the idea of an engine compression driver in the last decade of the 19th century and received a patent for the device on February 23, 1893. He built a working prototype in early 1897 while working at the MAN factory in Augsburg.
Diesel engines are also named in honor of his services. Originally, he was named “engine oil”.
Rudolf Diesel was born with the full name of Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel was born on March 18, 1858 in Paris, France, German family of leather craftsmen. Since childhood, he was known as a genius. At about the age of 20 years, in 1870, Diesel was awarded a bronze medal from the Société Pour L’Instruction Elémentaire, for some brilliant scientific work. However, in the same year, Diesel family was forced to leave Paris because the French government’s new policy at that time about foreign immigrants. Diesel father failed to obtain permission settled in France. They left and moved to London, England. Only a minute there, then leave alone Rudolf to Augsburg, Germany, to attend school and live with his uncle and aunt who also taught there as a teacher in Gewerbsschule. Soon after the Franco-German War broke out.
In 1872, Rudolf became known and recognized as a potential reliable mechanic. He completed his school in Gewerbsschule as one of the best graduates, and then proceeds to the Technical University (Polytechnic Institute), Munich. German-French War was over and for the first time he can get together and reunited with his family in Paris.
Unfortunately, Rudolf cannot take the final exam scholarship, in 1879 as suffering from an attack of dengue fever. However, during the lecture in Munich, he carved many brilliant achievements, among others, in 1878, along with their professor, succeeded in designing a blueprint for the steam engine with the highest efficiency that never existed until then. He also began to write several papers and published to the public. Immediately after recovery, Rudolf instead chose to work as a mechanic at the company Sulzer in Winterthour, developing ice-making machine.
Finally in 1880, Rudolf successfully completed the final test as a mechanical engineer undergraduate, graduate and become the best ever produced by the Munich Polytechnic Institute throughout its history up to now. After graduating, he decided to move settled in Paris and founded a branch of an ice making machine there. He was even willing to work without pay. However, a year later, 1881, the company appointed him director of the factory in Paris, this year he first met with Heinrich Buz, Director of Machinery Augsburger, and they agreed to test and develop a system of machining pembuas ice nodes. That same year Rudolph received his first patent certificate for invention produces klareis in the bottle.
In 1883, Rudolf began to build a large ice factory in Paris. A year later, ammonia engine development plan began. 1886, its factories spread its wings into Belgium. In 1887, the notion of ammonia absorption machine for medium-scale enterprises started to materialize. At this time Rudolf prove the theory of electromagnetic waves at high rotation per second. In 1889, Rudolf follow industrial engineering exhibition in Paris, showing off an ice maker and refrigeration. Rudolf then gives a public lecture at an international congress on applied machines. She received applause and the company immediately offered her employment contract Lindes based in Berlin since 1890.
In 1892, Rudolf received a patent for his invention of the workings of internal combustion engine (internal combustion engine). Rudolf immediately start the project to develop what later was known as a diesel engine. And on August 10, 1893, Rudolf was succeeded in realizing his dream of the creation of the world’s first diesel engine. Above findings, he get a patent numbered 608,845. In the same year published his book entitled “Theory and Construction of A Rational Heat Engine for Substitution of the Steam Engines and That Today Admitted Combustion Engines”, the publisher Springer, Berlin. At the same time, Rudolf signed a contract with Augusburger, Krupp, and Sulzer, he publishes the next book, “The Theory og Nachtraege for the Diesel Engine”.
Early prototype engine exhibited at the Chicago Fair, the United States and a considerable acclaim. He continued his experiments. In 1895, the Commission adopted the Patent Rights that the machine was working fine creations. He moved to Munich, in 1896. Until the beginning of next year (1897), he completed the advanced planning findings with a four-step engine (4 strokes). But the company tries to match it Deutz AG. Rudolf Krupp support that eventually led to an agreement between Deutz, Krupp and Augsburger to help Rudolf perform a series of final follow-up experiment to tune the engine findings.
That year was a busy year for Rudolf. He traveled to Scotland, then to Paris to make a single aircraft, signed a contract with Adolphus-shrubs, and then demonstrate the machines in public examples in Augsburg. Then memeberi public lecture in Kassel, inaugurated the diesel engine community association in Paris, but also faces a lawsuit over patent rights by Emil Captaine. Even had time to experience a loss in laboratory trials. However, diesel engine factory in Augsburg ultimately can be built in 1898. Four examples of initial production engines immediately on display in Munich’s botanical Pekar and he successfully completed the first diesel engine with a compressor for the company Deutz AG. The temptation to come again. He had entered a mental hospital in Neuwittelsbach, Munich. But the first diesel engine plant in America was completed that year. Trial came on. In the following year 1899 the first factory in Augsburg was closed for failing to achieve the target production amount. But that year also the first diesel engines used in oil drilling field in Gailizien. He fell ill more frequently.
Then in the 20th century, precisely in 1900, the first diesel engine plant in London was inaugurated. Demonstration engine at the Paris Fair special attention and get the main prize. Because the more often ill, she moved to a fresh settlement in Munich in 1901. While plenty of rest, he wrote and published a new book is more philosophical than technical, entitled “Solidarismus: natürliche wirtschaftliche Erlösung der Menschen”, in 1903, which show clearly the attitude and basically view as a genius engineer who also care about the issues social and environmental. Two years later, 1905, diesel engines began to be used as a railway engine. And the peak of his achievement in 1910 when he appeared at the Paris Fair in diesel engine design that powered by peanut oil fuel and oil marijuana. Two years later (1912) when the speech received a patent on these new machines, dinia noted that peling historic statement about the future of the engine running with vegetable oil fuel is biodiesel which is now known as “Der Gebrauch von Pflanzenöl unbedeuntend heute als sein mag Krafstoff . Aber derartige Produkte können im Laufe der Zeit werden wie wichtig obenso Petroleum diese und Kohle-Teer-Produkte von heute. ” (Use vegetable oil as fuel for the moment seem insignificant, but in time will become important as petroleum and coal products tir-present). Diesel engine was improved again by Ludwig Elsbett.
Rudolf Diesel died mysteriously and horribly in the English Channel, in 1913, fell and drowned under mysterious circumstances. Till now not known with certainty because the incident was a tragic accident.
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