Dmitri Iwanowitsch Mendeleyev (Russian ????????????????????????, – Orignalschreibweise: ?????????? – discussion? /i, wiss. Transliteration Dmitrij Ivanovi? Mendeleev; * 27. January July. /8 February 1834greg. in Tobolsk, Russia; † 20. January July. /2 February 1907greg. in Saint Petersburg) was a Russian chemist. He compiled, independently of Lothar Meyer, systematics of the chemical elements, which he called periodic regularity. It made a tabular arrangement, today for periodic system or periodic system possible of the elements (PSE) mentioned, as well as the forecast of three new elements.
Thus Mendeleyev completed provisionally the 50-jährige search for a connection between the atomic masses and the chemical characteristics of the chemical elements. In its honours the element 101 got the name mendelevium. Childhood and youth [work on] Dmitri Mendeleyev came on 8 February 1834 as youngest that altogether 17 children of Iwan Pawlowitsch Mendeleyev and Maria Dmitrijewna Mendelejewa (geb. Korniljewa) into the world. With 15 years, after the death of its father, he visited the High School in Tobolsk. 1849 drew the family Mendeleyev become impoverished after pc. Petersburg, where he joined 1850 educational Institut. From 1855 to 1856 he suffered from tuberculosis, which he out-cured on the peninsula Krim. Between 1859 and 1861 Mendeleyev in Paris worked over the density that gases and furnished in its dwelling its own laboratory. At the University of Heidelberg busy it itself with Gustav Robert Kirchhoff with the new research method of the spectroscopy.
Mendeleyev was honour member Moscow State University, member of the Russian academy of the arts as well as member of 90 foreign academies of the sciences, under it also the Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin. At the highest honor for scientist, the Nobel Prize, he scratched 1906 scarcely past. A voice was missing to it in the relevant committee for this honour . It was twice married and had several children. He spoke Russian, German and French. The chemist died in January 1907 at the consequences of a flu.
In his funeral on the Petersburger Wolkowo cemetery several thousand humans participated. Scientists of the University OF California, Berkeley, designated 1955 101. the chemical element mendelevium after the deceased chemist. Mendeleyev became often during the Soviet Union name godfather; so of the Russian chemical-technological university in Moscow, the tatarischen city Mendelejewsk, numerous further settlements and villages as well as Muscovites the U-Bahnhofs „Mendelejewskaja “. With the time still further objects became carriers of its name, in addition belong among other things a volcano, a submarine mountain comb and a crater on the moon.
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