Alfred Nobel Overview – Alfred Bernhard Nobel (born in Stockholm, October 21, 1833 – died at Norra begravningsplatsen, Stockholm, December 10, 1896 at the age of 63 years) was a chemist, engineer, and businessman from Sweden who discovered dynamite. In his will, he presented the treasure to make the Nobel Prize.
Alfred Nobel Background – Alfred was born on October 21, 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden. His father was Immanuel Nobel and his mother was Andriette Ahlsell Nobel. Alfred’s father is an engineer and inventor, he built bridges, buildings, and experimenting with various ways in blasting rocks. Alfred had two older brother, namely Robert (born 1829) and Ludvig (born 1831).
In the same year when Alfred Nobel was born, his father lost business and closed. In 1837, Immanuel Nobel decided to try his luck elsewhere and moved to Finland and Russia. Alfred’s mother stayed in Stockholm caring for her family. Alfred’s mother – who comes from wealthy families – began to open a grocery store. From there he could support his family.
Alfred founds – through experiments – that mix nitroglycerin with kieselguhr fine soil will change the liquid into a paste that can be formed into the shaft, which then included in the drill hole. This discovery occurred in 1866. Alfred obtains a patent on this material the following year. He called it dynamite. He also found a detonator or blasting cap that can be lit with the light axis.
This discovery was made while wearing the crown of the diamond drill and drill the wind started to be used in general. Used together, the discoveries that help reduce the losses a lot of construction works such as drilling channels, rock blasting, bridge construction, and so forth.
Alfred Nobel died in San Remo, Italy on December 10, 1896. In his last will and testament, he wrote that a lot of wealth can be used to give prizes to those who have made humanitarian efforts in the field of physics, chemistry, literature, peace, physiology and medicine.
Not everyone likes this. His relatives contested his will and questioned by authorities in several countries, and takes four years for supervisors to convince all parties to meet the expectations of Alfred.
In 1901, the first Nobel Prize in physics, chemistry, literature, physiology and medicine were distributed in Stockholm, Sweden and the Nobel Peace Prize in Kristiania (now Oslo), Norway.